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Benefits Acorus Calamus for Organic Pesticides

Benefits Acorus Calamus  for Organic Pesticides

A. Description of vegetation Dringo or Jeringau (Acorus Calamus L)

Benefits Acorus Calamus  for Organic Pesticides
Jeringau Dringo plant or a plant incorporated within the family Acoraceae. Despite the fact that it's easy to find in Indonesia in fact plant is at the start from India. If you see a glimpse of this annual vegetation like pandan (pandanus), only smaller leaves and grows straight as a sword.
Jeringau included in the loved ones Araceae or household to plant taro / taro yarns. Jeringau is a small plant that's not woody, effortless to develop, like water, so long as there may be ample water, Jeringau can proliferate. Jeringau is a herbaceous perennial with a peak of about seventy five cm. These crops probably live in damp locations, reminiscent of swamps and water at all altitudes. A wet bar, a short, form rhizomes, and soiled white. The leaves are single, oblong form, pointed tip, flat part, a size of 60 cm, a width of about 5 cm, and leaves the bone alignment. The leaves are green, hump-formed with a tapered tip, 20-25 cm lengthy. Within the armpit leaves out stalk sari with a length of ± 2.Seventy five mm, anthers ± 0.5 mm lengthy and 1-1.5 mm sized pistil. Robust roots with the rhizome pink and white inside. If dried and kissed will emit a pungent scent (fundamental Indonesia, 2006). Propagation by using stem cuttings, rhizomes, or shoots coming up from rhizomes segments. Jeringau have shaped root fibers. In development, rhizome Jeringau set up branches to the correct or to the left. The number of branches depends upon soil fertility.
Jeringau rhizome in a recent state roughly the size of a bit of finger to thumb-sized, flesh is white but when it is dry purple. Rhizome of swath round formed slightly segmented, with a size of 1-3 cm section, subsequent to the roots instead sharpened rod, subsequent one more grooved out a new department buds. Many lengthy fibers surrounded roots. These types of roots grow on the bottom of the stem roots. When the age of the plant more than two years, its roots can reach 60-70 cm. The odor may be very pungent root (rough) just like the smell of spices or different seasonings. If positioned on the tongue feels a sharp, spicy and quite bitter however not sizzling. If rhizome crushed odor will come out harder given that Jeringau rhizome include predominant oils.
Herbaceous crops, other plants are alive with the annual age, peak + 75 cm. Wet, brief, form rhizomes, soiled white. Single stem, oblong shape, pointed tip, flat edge, hugging the bottom of the stem, length of ± 60 cm, width ± 5 cm, hoarding aligned, green. Compound, hump shape, tapered tip, 20-25 cm long, in the armpit leaves, stems sari ± 2.Seventy five mm lengthy, anthers ± 2.Seventy five mm lengthy, 0.5 mm long anthers, pistil 1-1.5 m, anthers tapered, rounded crown size of ± 0.5 lengthy, 1-1.5 mm lengthy, white. Chocolate.
Acorus Calamus species
candy flag English name, sweet root, Calamus
Indonesia names Daringo, dlingo
neighborhood name Daringo (Sundanese), dringo (Javanese), jerango (Sumatra)
Deployment in Indonesia was observed growing wild, Habitat Grows in humid places reminiscent of on the banks of lakes and rivers.
Multiplication or proliferation, can reproduce by way of rhizomes, taking the end of the rhizome, the leaves trimmed, finely discarded roots earlier than planting.

B. Distribution and Habitat Jeringau

In Indonesia, Jeringau found developing wild in the woods. These plants may also be located throughout the season like a moist and effortless to find area of ​​the lots of water like on the threshold of lakes, estuaries, swamps, on the lake-lake or in locations where water / muddy, this plant is largely grown field sub tropical and tropical regions are hot and humid. Jeringau an aqueous plant, has a rhizome which smells aromatic. rhizome cylindrical and its diameter between 19 to 25 mm, rhizomes skin tan with white color inside of. The within is shaped like a sponge. The leaves are thick and difficult formed like a sword. If the torn leaves will produce aromatic odor. Jeringau produces small yellow flowers that come out of the armpit of the leaves. These crops hardly ever pull out seeds and breeding chiefly by means of fractional rhizomes

C. A part of Plant Used

Jeringau rhizomes contain valuable oil versatile as mixtures in the meals and beverage enterprise, flavoring, perfumes, detergents, soaps and charm creams. Jeringau which can be utilized as a biological insecticide is at the root (rhizome), considering that they include fundamental oils. Jeringau rhizomes can be used in two forms, specifically within the type of flour and oil. To make flour, rhizomes Jeringau sliced, dried after which pulverized. Whilst the processing of rhizomes Jeringau grow to be foremost oils is through distillation approach Destilas

D. Content Dringo

The content material Dringo or Jeringau contained in its essential oil is asoron, glycosides (akorina), akoretina, kholin, kalmeona, iso kalamendiol, epi isokalamendiol, siobunona, trimethyl, sponin, nutrition C. The rhizomes and leaves contain saponin Jeringau or Dringo dn flavonoida, apart from rimpangnya contain foremost oils.
In Europe rhizomes and Jeringau most important oils regularly utilized by the perfume industry and the construction of alcoholic beverages. Dringo plant as a rule used as a carminative, spasmolytic, and diaforetik. Quite often our ancestors beforehand been utilising Jeringau or dringo as improving medications appetite, heartburn medicine, ladies postpartum, tranquilizers, indigestion, stomach ulcers, drug ringworm, headache treatment, anti-inflammation, ulcers, diarrhea, dysentery, bronchial asthma, intestinal worms, immunostimulant and likewise increase platelet levels in patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever. Jeringau alcohol extract very priceless as antibacterial dealers. Water and alcohol extracts Dringo rhizome can cut down blood lipid stages with bioactive compounds a-asarone and b-asarone, the extract additionally has a analgesic and neuroprotective pastime. The methanol extract Jeringau or Dringo have antidiabetic exercise.
Jeringau rhizomes include valuable oil versatile called Calamus Oil is used within the combo within the food and beverage industry, flavoring, perfumes, detergents, soaps and grace lotions. Jeringau which can be utilized as a organic insecticide is on the root (rhizome), because they contain most important oils. Jeringau rhizomes can be utilized in two types, namely within the type of flour and oil. To make flour, rhizomes Jeringau sliced, dried after which pulverized. Whilst the processing of rhizomes Jeringau become main oils is through distillation with distillation system, moreover to the medication turned out dringo can be used as natural pesticides and insecticides (insect manage), which is excellent information for natural and organic farmers.

E. Recipes and efficacy with Jeringau or Dringo

1. Dengue medications

Jeringau or dringo rhizomes which have been washed easy as much as 1 handful boiled in 3 cups of water until the remaining 1 cup. Water decoction strained and under the influence of alcohol.

2. Nail infection medicines

three knuckles collectively three portions of rhizome dringo durian leaves boiled in 3 cups of water until the remaining 1 cup. Strain and use to soak the affected nails.
Three. For organic Pesticides
whilst using healthy pesticides or dringo Jeringau are as follows:
Recipe 1:
A handful of finely beaten leaves of the soursop, a handful of rhizomes dringo, 20 cloves of garlic. Soak in as so much as 20 liters of water, add 20 g of soap stir good and depart in a single day. Filter material, Dilute 1 liter of water pestisda prior with 50-60 liters of water and sprayed onto vegetation equipped.
Jeringau rhizomes can be used to manipulate some insect pests around us. Rhizome finely floor (flour) can be used to manipulate termites and kill fleas, may also be used to kill termites, via sprinkling flour Jeringau round wood attacked by termites. Different bugs that can be managed are mosquitoes, moths and cockroaches this plant, peculiarly the rhizome involves oils that can be utilized as an insecticide that works as a repellent (insect repellent), antifeedant (loss of urge for food), and antifertilitas / chemosterilant (pemandul). Jeringau rhizome flour can be used to protect plants stored in warehouses, through mixing the grains with a concentration of 1-2% or 1-2 kg of flour Jeringau combined with 100 kg of grain. Flour rhizome Jeringau with a attention of 3-5% effect on mortality of insects Sitophilus sp. Jeringau rhizome is most commonly used as an insecticide plant in various countries. For illustration, in China and India Jeringau rhizome is used to eradicate some forms of ticks, in Malaysia used to eradicate termites, and within the Philippines to expel grasshopper fierce. Established on the workings of the rhizome Jeringau oil as vegetable pesticides for insect manipulate can also be expressed as a contact poison, and poison respiration. As a contact poison, if oil can Jeringau sprayed immediately on the goal insect physique parts that reason the bugs to fall and finally die marked with an insect's body dried up when you consider that of dehydration. Expressed as a contact poison when insecticide bugs can enter the physique by means of the dermis goal / direct contact. As a respiratory poison, when inhaling insects Jeringau rhizome oil that causes the insect fainting except death. Respiratory poison works via the respiratory tract. Most respiratory toxins within the type of gas. Application of rhizome Jeringau oil is a liquid that can be converted and purpose gas. It may be noticeable from the offensive odor. To get the oil from the rhizome Jeringau can be executed in the following manner:
Recipe 2:
put together 10 kg of rhizomes Jeringau which has been sorted and finely chopped.
Participate in with oblique drying under the solar to a moisture content material of 10-25%.
Make distillation stills utilising the method of distillation.
Separate Jeringau rhizome oil from water.
Oil from rhizome Jeringau able for use.

F. Cultivation

In rhizome materials multiply with the leafy finish. Each and every pillar rhizome 2.5 cm long, composed of 1-2 segments. Leaves rhizome stake in the brief reduce to reduce evaporation via the leaves. Hairy roots are rhizomes too old at stake in the exhaust.
Tillage is done by way of plowing a couple of times. If the plant in the swamp, to facilitate the harvesting of the rhizomes in prefer areas shallow and do not in plant in deep water. In a land not flooded prior to plow his land watered beforehand. Wild grass and weeds in the exhaust or if perishable might be buried in the floor.
On soils that have been flooded constantly, to facilitate harvesting made as high as seedbed floor water or extra made at the time of land instruction.
Fertilization with green manure done two weeks before planting. Rhizomes are planted with a spacing, size 30 cm, width 30 cm with the leaves upright. Each hole planted pillar 2 portions of rhizome.
Renovation accomplished through weeding and watering, when planted in the floor that is not waterlogged.
How you can Harvest:
Harvest began in doing on plants aged 1 yr or extra. How one can Harvest rhizomes can also be achieved via unplugging or utilising a fork. The end of the rhizome is reduce 2.5 cm for planting again.
Rhizomes were collected and the reduce ends in the wash and easy the basis, kept in the solar to dry and weighed best about 20% of wet weight. Results rhizomes per hectare had been harvested after age 1 yr much less over 1500-2500 kg.
For the rationale of refining the rhizomes just cleared of mud simplest. Leaves, roots and fibers are not disposed to prevent the evaporation of the oil from the rhizome dringo.

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