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Malaria treatment use Cinchona ledgeriana

Malaria treatment use Cinchona ledgeriana Moens

A. Plant Description

Malaria treatment use Cinchona ledgeriana Moens
Kina has the Latin identify (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) is a medicinal plant a tree that originates from South the us along the Andes mountain variety which covers an field of ​​Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru to Bolivia. The field involves forest at an altitude of 900-3000 m above sea stage. Quinine plant seeds into Indonesia in 1852 got here from Bolivia, but quinine plant that grows from the seed ultimately die. In 1854 as many as 500 seedlings planted within the Bolivian quinine from Cibodas and develop seventy five trees along with 10 clones. Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) known in these areas as quinine, sinkona crimson quinine, quinine and quinine time I ledgeriana.

Previously cultivation cinchona plantations carried out with the aid of the Europeans. Folk quinine plantations are Priangan (West Java), West Sumatra, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua. Cultivation of quinine with the aid of the men and women as a rule do in the lands of the previous state-owned coffee plantations were passed over to the folks. Indonesia is the world's biggest producer of quinine.

The dermis cinchona style bitter. This plant is pass-pollinated plants belonging and very hetezigot. Accordingly, the result of pollination with the aid of seeds may be very various. This time I quinine plant grows wild within the wooded area moist and mossy forest, within the Andes mountains, at an altitude of 1050 m - 1500 m above sea degree, above all within the southern a part of Peru and Bolivia. Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) herbal vegetation grow good on a mountainside with a rainfall of over 2000 mm a yr and unfold evenly throughout the 12 months, the local weather is humid and temperatures between 12-21 degrees Celsius. From the mountains of the Andes vicinity of origin of these plants spread to Indonesia and India. On the island of Java this plant is cultivated in mountain areas with an altitude between 800 - 1600 m above sea level. Kina-shaped plant bushes, tree top can attain 17 m

B. The traits of the herb Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) kalisaya

1. Epidermis

Feeling bitter.

2. Leaves

layout leaf confronted, circular eggs breech oval form, size 8-15 cm and a width of three-6 cm. The backside floor smooth as velvet hair principally on younger leaves, stem size of 1 - 1.5 cm. Stipule longer than the stalk, when it is open Stipule will fall.

Leaves quinine is a single leaf, oval-shaped just about spherical, flat leaf edges, blunt tip and base of the leaf, leaf size 15-35 cm, 9-23 cm leaf width, hoarding pinnate. This quinine leaves when still young and after darkish green turn purple.

3. Flower

Panicle inflorescence haired, soft as velvet, the staff collects vegetation at every end of the inflorescence. Corporations and scalloped tubular vegetation on prime of it. Famous person-formed flowers, odor aromatic, 9 mm tube size. Strand crown section in vivid crimson, tight and short haired. Lengthy stamens from the flower tube half of.

Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) curiosity is compound curiosity, a celebrity-shaped. 5-11 cm lengthy flower stalk. Colour yellowish-white flowers, petals titled 5, the base mixture and green. Stamens 5 fruit. Stalk white sari at the same time brown anthers. Green pistil. Corolla tubular with enlarged ends and light brown.

4. portions 

reddish when ripe, shaped like an egg. Quinine fruit box-formed, oval. Quinine fruit is hard, and beige.

5. Seeds

Lancet-formed ellipse, a size of 4 mm and winged. Cinchona seeds are small and black.

6. Stem

This quinine plant woody and spherical. Cinchona tree colour plant is greenish brown.

7. Roots

Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) root is a taproot, brown and whitish colored - white.

C. Chemical elements

The content material of nutritious materials in herbs Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens): This quinine herb comprises quite a lot of materials that can be used as an natural comfort. The contents are as follows: alkaloids, quinine, quinidine, Sinkonina, Sinkonidina, kinat Acid, Acid kinatanat, substance quinine. Succirubra Cinchona bark involves alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids and polyphenols.

D. Benefits of quinine


For malaria medicinal drugs used 2 grams of powdered bark of Cinchona succirubra. The powder is brewed with a tumbler of hot boiled water, and after cold filtered. The filter results can already be immediately used as a treatment. The filtrate divided into two equal lots, and drink twice a day, morning and night.

E. Different efficacy Kina For natural medicine

1. Traditionally priceless antipyretic to cut down fever or physique warmness.
2. Healthy coronary heart so that excellent for preventing coronary heart assaults and strokes.
3. As the material manufacture of cosmetics and grace tools.
Four. Curing and overcome muscle spasms.
5. As a traditional pesticide or higher often called biopesticides.
6. Drug remedy to medication chook flu.
7. Natural materials for the manufacture of beverages.
8. Stock up appetite

recipes and utilizing quinine because the drug:
The substances used are part of bark which have a bitter taste. This system can be utilized as a fever by means of boiling the bark after which under the influence of alcohol to taste. So with standard use, the risk of restoration will likely be even higher.

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